Iran rugs and carpets

Iranian carpets from Kerman, Shiraz, Kashan, Masshad, Tabriz are very famous in the world for centuries.
All regions of Iran produce rugs for years, and each one has its own originality.
The islamic regime has for a long time banned exporting persian carpets because it regarded them as national treasures.
If there are more and more mechanized rug production, there are always lots of handmade carpets.
There are two kinds of carpets: the kilim, fully woven on a loom, flat and thin, and knotted carpets, made of velvet, knotted on the loom (usually vertical one) .
Mostly made of wool fabric with cotton, they may contain silk that make them more brighter.
The quality of a carpet depends on several parameters:
* the quality of the material (Khorasan wool , angora wool, silk)
* the density of nodes (from 50,000 to 1,200,000 per sqare meter)
* the type of nodes (symmetrical Turkish node, asymmetrical Persian knot giving finer drawing).

   turkish ghiordes knot   1 carpet knots 2   persian senneh knot
TheTurkish knot (1) is symmetrical, it is found on Turkish carpets, Azeri, Kurdish, Iranian Tabriz.
The Persian knot (2) is asymmetrical, it is found in most Iranian, Egyptian, Turkish, Chinese & Indian carpets.
It is more accurate than the turkish one, more dense and therefore allowing thinner design.
Looms are either vertical or horizontal, the former are more precise, the latter are used by nomads as smaller and removable. Vertical threads are the WARP, horizontal threads are the "WEFT". Warp and weft are made ​​of silk, sheep wool, goat wool, cotton. The yarn is wool or silk. The natural colors are best for rendering and duration. They are made from plants and minerals.
Examples: blue: indigo, lapis lazuli, azurite, brown: walnut, tan, yellow: saffron, pomegranate, grapes, red: madder, cochineal, rhubarb, green: indigo saffron, malachite ... The color variations of the same color are due to the result of several different baths for the same color (it's called "Abrash") and it is the guarantee of a traditional process.

Number of knots and quality:
RAJ(knots/7cm) KPSI(knots/sq inch) QUALITY
27 82 Poor
30 118 Medium
35 161 Medium
50 329 Good
60 474 Great
70 654 Excellent
80 & more 843 & more Excellent

iran carpets and rugs

Kerman carpet
The main color is often red, the pattern consists of a central medallion and a wide border filled with flowers.

Mashhad carpet
Most Mashhad rugs have medallion in dark shades of blue and red.

Shiraz carpet
Geometric drawings, often with diamonds in the center and drawing inspired by nomad style (Ghashgai). The background color is usually red, and patterns in different shades of blue, stylized flowers, birds ... Shiraz rugs are known to be strong, hardy and good quality.

Esfahan carpet
The patterns are inspired by the mosaics of mosques and palaces in the city. Palms, medallions and arabesques, figurative motifs. Fine carpets and generally very good stuff.

Kashan carpet
Medallions, trees, figural, floral repetitive. The dominant colors are blue, red and beige. The silk carpet from Kashan were famous.

Nain carpet
Colour: generally blue and cream, bright and elegant carpets with natural silk which highlights the design. Fine carpets.

Ardabil carpet
The decoration consists of geometric patterns of Caucasian influence. The carpets are solid and mostly serve as runners (corridors, entrances).

Tabriz carpet
Carpets made of strong and durable short velvet . The patterns may consist of a central medallion surrounded by arabesques, weeping willows and cypresses. Descriptions of daily life, the seasons, are popular motifs. The weavers of Tabriz is known today to see how all sorts of reasons and always of excellent quality. In the bazaar of Tabriz we see a lot of wall-carpets made from photos, photos of landscapes, portraits or reproductions of famous paintings.

  tabriz carpets
Hamid is a pleasant carpet dealer met in Tabriz. He is in business with weavers able to weave any type of carpet, always in a very high quality. His business is located in the beautiful old bazaar of Tabriz.

Pay attention : all carpets are made with silk 50% & whool 50% (vertical are silk, horizontal are whool).
They are weaved in Tabriz. Density is 50 RAJ (50 knots/7cm, iranian measure).
Some carpets are embossed. Colors are natural and stability is guaranted.
Prices depends on size but also design. It is possible to have a carpet weaved from any drawing or photo.

here a snapshot of Hamid's catalogue
(prices are Iran delivery)